The Parable of the Marriage Supper

Matthew 22:1-14

 

From Exegetical Commentary on Matthew, 2006, AMG Publishers

Jesus continued teaching in parables aimed at the leaders of the apostate Jewish nation. In general, parables teach a single point, and we must be careful not to build side inferences from minor points. Analogies are just that: they are like, not identical to.

[1-2] This is the second parable (see Matt. 18:23) in which Jesus "likened (from homoiō [3666]) the kingdom of God to a certain king" (a.t.). This time the king prepared royal "wedding feasts" for his son. Homoiō derives from hmoios (3664), meaning like or similar. A correspondence or resemblance exists between the items being compared, not an identity or equality that would be expressed by the verb eim (1510). Jesus made frequent use of similes, but He also used metaphors. For example, when He referred to Himself as the "door of the sheep" (John 10:7).

The most natural symbolism portrays the "certain king" as the Father and the "son" as the Son of God. Everyone else is either a slave or an invited guest. The Lord Jesus elsewhere is depicted as a bridegroom and His church as the bride (Matt. 9:15; Eph. 5:25-32; etc.), and the marriage occurs in heaven. The marriage is the final revelation of whom God saves, although this exact number-like the hairs on our heads (Matt. 10:30)-is infallibly foreknown by God in eternity past. Because God's foreknowledge is free from error, this number cannot be changed in history; it must be exactly what God foreknew, nothing more, nothing less (Eccl. 3:14). The Creator Himself is Lord of the history He foreknows: "I have spoken it, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed it, I will also do it" (Isa. 46:11, cf. John 1:3). The bridegroom of Christ will encompass both Old and New Testament saints from all ages, including the final Tribulation period. 

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